H WATCH THE BEACOH AT I CANADA LIFE II CLOUDY, COOLER Tomorrow With tmamrma SI u:-L m. I au hi Details on Paqe 36 OWCML WEATHER CHANGFS 188th YEAR 44 PAGES MONTREAL, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1955 FINAL PRICE SEVEN CENTS Outside Montreal 1 “). Metropolitan Area ‘ Two Ridings Needed w n o Pelletier, Trudeau Unplaced GERARD PELLETIER f IN X PROF. TRUDEAU JEAN MARCHAND Quebec Housing VICTORIA (Gazette) Premier Jean Lesage last night announced his intention to start negotiations with the Federal Government which would permit Quebec to contract out of national housing legislation. At the same time, he issued a stern warning to Ottawa to keep its hands off municipal affairs, saying that any intervention in this field would be “completely unconstitutional.” His statements were made during an address to the Union of British Columbia Municipalities, his third speech of the day in Victoria. For the first time since he began his Western tour, the Premier departed from his theme of explaining Quebec to the West to deal almost exclusively with problems of municipal affairs. He told his audience that Quebec is now in the initial stages of a major assault on the problems of housing, and that action setting up a Quebec General Housing Corporation can be expected at the next session of the Legislative Assembly. Time Now To Act On Two Levels “We believe that the time has now come to act on two levels: Replacement of substandard housing by sound, clean houses and provision of houses large enough to meet the needs of our families, at prices they can afford to pay,” he said. “As is probably true in your province, and elsewhere in Canada, we have enough luxury and medium sized accommodation. Low – cost housing and houses for large families are in short supply.” The new Quebec Housing Corporation will “use the best features of the Central Mortgage and Housing Act” but will also permit Quebec to “explore new avenues,” he said. “Of course, we intend to cooperate closely with the Federal Government, but we also want to exercise our full jurisdiction in this field and to start negotiations with federal authorities to find an opting-out formula which will give us the necessary leeway and our share of the funds which the Federal Government spends on housing,” he said. “This would not be a precedent in the sphere of municipal responsibility; in civil protection, for instance, it is the Provincial Government which acts, while Ottawa merely turns over the province’s share of the grants.” Turning his attention to another area, Mr. Lesage warned that Quebec would not tol- Bnwmn l ‘ – r-t4.; OTTAWA (Gazette) Liberal headquarters is nervous and concerned over the delays in finding Montreal constituencies for two of their three big-name Quebec candidates Newspaper Editor Gerard Pelletier and University Professor Pierre-Elliott Trudeau. Labor Leader Jean Marchand, the third member of the Big Three, has selected Quebec West from among the ridings available to him. It is understood, however, that the appeal to Montreal Liberal riding . organizations to iind a place for Candidates Pelletier and Trudeau has drawn a cool, lethargic response. One reason for the coolness is that both would-be candidates have been strong critics of the very Montreal Liberal organizations now being asked to sponsor them. In addition, Mr. Trudeau, who has not been active or prominent politically, is not well known to the voters in constituencies that have been canvassed. Leading Liberals, who place a win high valuation on the Marchand – Pelletier – Trudeau candidacies nationally and provincially, have to move with extreme caution. Some of the riding organizations approached have cold-shouldered an attempt to foist a candidate on them, however distinguished, on the grounds that riding Liberals would prefer to choose one of their own. Any attempt to impose a candidate on an unwilling constituency organization would involve serious risks. Should either Mr. Pelletier or Mr. Trudeau lose a nomination to a local Liberal hopeful, the loss would be a serious setback to the loser’s attempt to enter the national political arena. It would be difficult for him to turn to Desires Opt-Out erate any federal move into the municipal affairs field. “It was said that the Federal Government would be planning to create a department of municipal affairs. Ottawa immediately denied it, but I hope that it was not a trial balloon and a first, discreet declaration of interest. “In our opinion, the existence of such a department would be completely unconstitutional; it would only serve to add to the problems between levels of government in Canada, which already has more than enough. ” Health: $500,000,000 Fund Set OTTAWA – (CP) Prime Minister Pearson announced his government is prepared to spend $500,000,000 over the next 15 years to provide medical, dental and other professional research and training facilities needed for a full program of national health care. But within minutes of the a n n o u n c ement provincial health ministers six of whom are doctors had their scalpels deep into the federal hide at a two-day federal-provincial conference. They c r i t i c i z ed the announcement as arbitrary and inadequate, and threw the conference off its agenda with heated demands that Ottawa contribute to hospital insurance care for mental and tuberculosis patients. Later in the day the conference agreed in a calmer atmosphere to have a special committee formed of federal and provincial government representatives and officials of major medical professional bodies to advise it on the terms on which the new health resources program might operate. Baker By LEWIS SEALE . QUEBEC (Gazette) Leon Baker, the renegade Tory from Trois-Rivieres, has joined the Quebec Civil Service. His appointment as director-general and coordinator of Centennial celebrations for the Province was announced yesterday by the Acting Premier, Education Minister Paul Gerin-Lajoie, and Provincial By Arthur Blakely another constituency on a second-best basis. And for any of the Big Three to fail to secure a nomination would have serious overtones for the Liberals’ national campaign. The placement of Candidates Pelletier and Trudeau in Montreal constituencies, it is recognized, can be accomplished only with the cooperation and approval of the riding organizations. Efforts are now being made to place Editor Pelletier in Hochelaga. Raymond Eudes, MP for the constituency since 1940, may be open to inducement to step down. The discussions are still in progress. An attempt to place Mr. Trudeau in Montreal-Cartier, through a diverting application of the old game of musical chairs, may have failed. Milton Klein, the Liberal MP who represented Cartier in the last Parliament, is reported to have been interested in switching to Mount Royal, where Speaker Alan Macnaughton’s retirement has created a vacancy. One reason for his interest is that Cartier is due to disappear in the redistribution now pending. Mr. Trudeau was to have filled the temporary gap in Cartier. The Mount Royal Liberals, however, are represented as feeling that they should fill the vacancy from within their own organization. Mr. Klein now seems to be beating a retreat in the general direction of his old riding, leaving Mr. Trudeau with nowhere to go. By an irony which some Liberals now find rather bitter to the taste, it would have been a relatively simple matter to place the Big Three in appropriate Quebec ridings had not the federal Liberals “democratized” their organization procedures a change which such men as Mr. Marchand, Mr. Pelletier and Mr. Trudeau had been well to the fore in demanding. Under the old regime, it was a fairly easy matter to place candidates at will and to manipulate nomination meetings to avoid embarrassing complications. It is still possible, but it is no longer as easy or as fool-proof. The conference will move today into a discussion of the medical care proposals made by Ottawa in July. The Federal Government is prepared to pay approximately half ihe national cost of medical care insurance which covers physicians’ services comprehensively, is universal in coverage, is publicly administered by the provinces and has benefits fully transferable from one province to another. Mr. Pearson said in a press release, which Health Minister Judy La Marsh read to the conference, that starting next Jan. 1 his government would be prepared to spend about $33,000,000 a year for 15 years to build and equip facilities for health research and training. Miss La Marsh said later that only $12,000,000 to $15,-000,000 -night be spent the first year, and that $33,000,000 a year would not be an upper limit. She said it should be regarded as “a pool of funds” amounting to half a billion dollars. To Direct Secretary Bona Arsenault. It ended months of speculation that the former Conservative Cabinet Minister would be invited to join the Liberal Government of Premier Jean Lesage. But Mr. Balcer did not rule out an eventual return to politics. Asked at a press conference, where his appointment was announced, if he would ever return, he was non-convTuttal. V ‘ I- : . Tours University: 0pfreeerbeJceTokLeeSsago walking, talking tour of University of Victoria Thursday with University President Dr. Malcolm Turner before he addressed a group of students. Lesage Assails Civil Service By GORDON PAPE VICTORIA – (Gazette) Premier Lesage may be staying out of the federal election campaign, but the Canadian civil service has suddenly become fair game. As the city of Victoria turned on the sun and gave the Quebec Premier his best reception yet on his Western tour, Mr. Lesage served notice of a new drive on his part to bring full bilingualism into the federal civil service. In a noon address to the Victoria Canadian Club, Mr. Lesage stated bluntly that French must become a “working language” in the central administration if French-Canadians are ever to feel at home in Canada. He indicated, moreover, that this must happen in the “immediate future” if Quebec is to be satisfied. Earlier in the morning, the Premier had repeated the criticism of the RCMP made during his Wednesday speech in Calgary, hitting the force’s directors for refusing to accept reports in French from agents working in Quebec on the Do-rion case. Mr. Lesage’s blast came during a press conference given just before he addressed a standing-room-only crowd of an estimated 2.000 University of Victoria students. The campus visit was rated by observers as his best showing to date, both in the delivery and acceptance of his address and in the way he skillfully fielded two loaded questions from the floor on off-shore mineral rights and on a Quebec’s special status. It was during the news conference, however, that he again picked up the theme of Ottawa unilingualism that he had begun to develop in Calgary. “It is difficult at times to understand a civil service where everything would have to be translated into English even communications between French-speaking persons,” he told reporters. Provinces Mr. Arsenault said Mr. Bal-cer’s job would roughly correspond to the work of John Fisher (“Mr. Canada”) who heads the Federal Govern-m e n t ‘s Centennial Celebrations Commission. He will organize celebrations in conjunction with Ottawa and the other provinces. The new director-general will go to work Oct. 1 and will have his office in Quebec City. Described by Mr. Arsenault (CP Wtrphoto) “It just doesn’t make for an efficient administration.” At noon, he continued on the theme again, this time linking it with what he termed French Canada’s “two minimum claims” on Confederation. “The first of .these is a status for the French-speaking Canadian equal in all respects to that of the English-speaking Canadian,” he told the audience. “This means in the immediate future: French as a working language in the federal administration and French as a teaching language for French Communities outside Quebec. “The second claim is that of a genuine decentralization of powers, resources, and decision-making in our federal system. “Quebec, I have often said, believes in harmony through consultation and discussion (Continued on Page 2) Police Forces On Lookout For MIAMI, Fla. Police in three lands are keeping a lookout for Canadian fugitive Georges Lemay, whose acrobatic jailbreak here Tuesday night allegedly was contrived with money. There was not much likelihood Lemay would return to Canada, to which he was fighting deportation, but the possibility was not being overlooked. Police in the Bahama Islands off Florida said a Miami-to-Nassau airline passenger, supposed to resemble Lemay, proved to be someone else. They suspended active search. In Miami, a search force co-ordinated by Sheriff T. A. Buchanan expanded to 50 Centennial as an “asset” for the Centennial celebrations and the province, Mr. Balcer will have a hand in such programs as: The Confederation train and caravans that will take a special exhibition across Canada. Exchanges of young people and students. Artistic and cultural pro-grami, sports meets, pageants and special films, Construction of about 75 India Makes Violation Charge As Chinese Build Wall In The Himalayas JAMMU (Reuters) Pakistani troops crossed into the Indian-held part of Kashmir Thursday long after the United Nations-sponsored Indian-Pakistani ceasefire came into force, an Indian spokesman claimed Thursday night. The spokesman said the Pakistanis crossed the ceasefire line into Indian Kashmir 90 miles northwest of Jammu. The spokesman pinpointed the crossing at north of Jhanga. He said the Pakistani troops dug trenches on the Indian side. This was the first report of renewed military movement since the ceasefire came into force just be- A . Canada Forms New UN Group For Ceasefire OTTAWA (CP A new United Nations observer group, headed by a Canadian, is being formed to supervise the India-Pakistan ceasefire in areas outside those covered by the existing UN Kashmir Commission, Prime Minister Pearson announced Thursday night. The Prime Minister said in a prepared statement that Canada will provide 14 officers and eight aircraft and crews for service with the group, to be called the United Nations India – Pakistan Observation Mission. Mr. Pearson said the Canadian contribution was in response to a request from UN Secretary-General U Thant. A formal reply is to be given by External Affairs Minister Martin today before the UN General Assembly. Mr. Pearson said the Canadian contributions to the new group are in addition to the increase announced Wednesday of 10 Canadians to the existing group, called the UN Kashmir Commission. A spokesman for the Prime Minister said a new, separate group is needed because the fighting has extended outside the geographical area of the Kashmir Commission, and because a new group with some “teeth” is needed. The new group is a ceasefire commission, the spokesman said, whereas the Kashmir Commission is essentially an observer group. The Prime Minister did not give the name of the Canadian who is to head the group. In Three Lands Georges Lemay men, all seeking the trail of the 39-year-old Montreal bank burglary suspect. Lemay vanished in a northbound white automobile seconds after he broke out of Dade County Jail in a spectacular, 90-foot descent by cable from a seventh-floor window during twilight Tuesday. Buchanan’s investigation resulted in the booking of a jail guard and a bail bondsman on charges of aiding an escape. The sheriff refused to make public statements which he said both men made, but he said $35,000 had been offered for giving Lemay an opportunity to escape. Effort cultural and community centres throughout the province. A canoe trip tracing the routes of the explorers. Distribution of bronze medals commemorating the centennial to school children. Mr. Balcer served as Solicitor General and then as Transport Minister in the Government of John Diefen-baker and gained a reputation as good administrator. iore aawn inursaay on the frontline Reports along the static battlefront earlier in the day said all was quiet as the two sides observed the ceasefire and began to clear away the debris of war. Earlier, both countries, though silencing their guns, opened a battle of words that forecast a sorry road ahead in the search for genuine peace. In an India-wide radio speech, Prime Minister Lai Bahadur S h a s t r i told his people “the blackout has been lifted but let us not mistake it for the dawn of peace.” He said Pakistani leaders had talked of a possible “wider conflagration” and he added “we cannot close our eyes to reality.” In the north, China was reported setting up a Himalayan version of the Berlin Wall near Jelep Pass. This would be a new phase of the frontier military buildup that accompanied the battle action of predominantly-Hindu India and its Moslem neighbor, Pakistan. Cement And Stone Used In Wall An Indian Defence Ministry spokesman said the Chinese were building the wall with cement and stone. Jelep Pass, at an altitude of 12,000 feet, is one of the contested mountain routes linking the Indian protectorate of Sikkim with Chinese-ruled Tibet. The Indians said the purpose of the building activity was not clear. “They are building some kind of structure, but it is difficult to spy what they are daing or’ why. Anyway the old Wall of China doesn’t fit any more,” an Indian spokesman said. The Defence Ministry said Chinese troop units also are setting up posts on the shoulders of Nathu pass and at another point, near Dong-chu Pass, have installed themselves at least 300 yards within Indian territory. The threat of further trouble within Kashmir was broadcast by the Voice of Kashmir Radio speaking for a revolutionary council that promoted a series of attacks against Indian authorities in the disputed border state last month. “It is for us to make the decision and that decision is to continue the fight,” the council said. Indian Defence Minister Y. B. Chavan charged that Pakistan still is infiltrating guerrillas into Indian Kashmir. He told Parliament the Indian army has been given strict instructions to deal with the infiltrators. Pakistan has denied sending in the guerrillas, whose operations touched off the war three weeks ago. The shooting stopped on UN Security Council orders at 3:30 a.m. Indian time (6 p.m. EDT Wednesday) and Indian authorities said Thursday night not so much as a rifle shot was heard throughout the day along the 1,000-mile front. w J ‘ LEON BALCER Mm Proposal To Disarm From US UNITED NATIONS – (CP) The United States has offered a new proposal under which both the United States and the Soviet Union would destroy nuclear weapons as a step toward world disarmament. Arthur Goldberg, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, told the General Assembly the proposal would depend on Soviet willingness to transfer “weapons grade U-235 to non-weapon uses.” “The U.S. is ready to transfer 60,000 kilograms of weapon grade U-235 to non-weapon uses if the Soviet Union would be willing to transfer 40,000 kilograms,” said Goldberg, after stressing that first priority must be given to halting the spread of nuclear weapons. “If the U.S.S.R. accepts this proposal,” the U.S. Ambassador stated, “each of us would destroy nuclear weapons of our own choice so as to make available for peaceful purposes such amounts of fission- able material.” – Goldberg Attacks Red China The U.S. stands ready, lie added, if the Soviet Union will do likewise, to add to this transfer associated plutonium obtained from the destroyed weapons in an agreed quantity or ratio and “to place the material thus transferred under the International Atomic Energy Agency or equivalent safeguards.” Goldberg spoke on disarmament after accusing Communist China of launching a campaign to change the world by force and violence, charging that Peking ii trying to make South Viet Nam its first victim. Delivering a major policy speech before the 117-nation Assembly, Goldberg referred to a “manifesto” by Chinese Defence Minister Lin Piao which states that “political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.” “The apostle of this philosophy are today attempting to transform the country of South Viet Nam into a proving ground for their theories,” the Ambassador said. Referring to the ceasefire between India and Pakistan, brought about by the hard work of the Security Council which in effect demanded that the shooting be stopped, Goldberg said: “It is … a happy omen fir the future of this great organization that such a grave conflict, the gravest in th ; history of the organization, can, in its inital step at least, have been contained by this type of common action.” Bridge . . 23!Heolfh 23 Classified 37 Landers 22 Comics . 23 Obituories 4 Crossword 36 Rocinq 30 Dink Carroll 26 Rod & Gun 25 Editorial 6, Social . .18 Focts-Foncies 2 I ‘Sporft … 25 Financial . . 9 Theotre . . 33 Fitz 4TV & Radio. 32 I. Kingpin . 29i Women …. 21
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